Hospital-acquired conjunctivitis in a neonatal intensive care unit: Bacterial etiology and susceptibility patterns

Abraham Borer, Ilana Livshiz-Riven, Agatha Golan, Lisa Saidel-Odes, Ehud Zmora, Chagit Raz, Rimma Melamed, Ygal Plakht, Nechama Peled

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our study investigates the causative pathogens of hospital-acquired conjunctivitis in our neonatal intensive care unit and their susceptibility patterns. Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus was the most common bacterium, 22.1% of all isolates. The frequency of the pathogens changed during neonates' stay; Klebsiella pneumoniae (from 18% to 6.9%) and Escherichia coli (from 16% to 4.8%) decreased, whereas methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (from 4% to 12.7%) and Enterococcus spp (from 1% to 5.3%) increased. Gram-positive cocci showed high resistant patterns. Our study indicates that the distribution of bacteria causing hospital-acquired conjunctivitis in our neonates shifted from gram-negative to gram-positive microorganisms during their neonatal intensive care unit stay. The resistance patterns are worrisome among gram-positive cocci.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)650-652
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Infection Control
Volume38
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Hospital-acquired conjunctivitis
  • neonatal intensive care unit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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