Hospitalization of Jewish and Bedouin infants in Southern Israel for bronchiolitis caused by respiratory syncytial virus

R. Dagan, D. Landau, H. Haikin, A. Tal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

We conducted a prospective study to determine the clinical picture and impact of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) on hospitalization for acute bronchiolitis of pediatric patients less than 2 years of age belonging to two different ethnic groups in Southern Israel: Jews and Bedouins. All patients younger than 2 years of age hospitalized for bronchiolitis during a typical RSV season were enrolled. During the study period 120 patients with bronchiolitis were hospitalized, and 83 (69%) were RSV-positive. Their age ranged from 20 days to 9 months. Fifty-five percent of all patients with RSV bronchiolitis were ≤3 months old and 92% were ≤6 months old. Patients with RSV bronchiolitis represented 18% of all hospitalized infants ≤9 months old and 35% of all hospitalizations for respiratory problems of infants ≤9 months old. The yearly incidence of hospitalization for RSV bronchiolitis was 5.4/1000 live births for Jews and 18/1000 live births for Bedouins. The total number of hospitalization days calculated for 1000 births was 32.1 for the Jews and 86.7 for the Bedouins. RSV has a serious impact on infant morbidity in Southern Israel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-386
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Respiratory syncytial virus
  • bronchiolitis
  • epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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