How vortex bound states affect the Hall conductivity of a chiral p±ip superconductor HOW VORTEX BOUND STATES AFFECT the HALL ... DANIEL ARIAD, YSHAI AVISHAI, and EYTAN GROSFELD

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Abstract

The physics of a planar chiral p±ip superconductor is studied for various vortex configurations. The occurrence of vortex quasiparticle bound states is exposed together with their ensuing collective properties, such as subgap bands induced by intervortex tunneling. A general method to diagonalize the Hamiltonian of a superconductor in the presence of a vortex lattice is developed that employs only smooth gauge transformations. It renders the Hamiltonian to be periodic (thus allowing the use of the Bloch theorem) and enables the treatment of systems with vortices of finite radii. The pertinent anomalous charge response cxy is calculated (using the Streda formula) and reveals that it contains a quantized contribution. This is attributed to the response to the nucleation of vortices from which we deduce the system's quantum phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104511
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume98
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Sep 2018

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