H control applied to boost power converters

Rami Naim, George Weiss, Shmuel Ben-Yaakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

207 Scopus citations


The controller in a pulse-width-modulation (PWM) power converter has to stabilize the system and guarantee an almost constant output voltage in spite of the perturbations in the input voltage and output load over as large a bandwidth as possible. Boost and flyback converters have a right-half-plane zero (RHPZ) in their transfer function from the duty cycle to the output voltage, which makes it difficult to achieve the aforementioned goals. We propose to design the controller using H control theory, via the solution of two algebraic Riccati equations. The almost optimal H controller is of the same order as the converter and has a relatively low dc gain. The closed-loop characteristics of a typical low-power boost converter with four different control schemes were compared by computer simulation. The H control was found to be superior in a wide frequency range, while being outperformed by the others at extremely low frequencies. Good agreement was found between simulation results and experimental measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)677-683
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1997


  • Boost converter
  • Current-mode control
  • H control
  • Riccati equation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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