Human-biometeorological conditions and thermal perception in a Mediterranean coastal park

Hadas Saaroni, David Pearlmutter, Tali Hatuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


This study looks at the interrelation of human-biometeorological conditions, physiological thermal stress and subjective thermal perception in the design and use of a new waterfront park in Tel-Aviv, Israel. Our initial assumption was that the park's design would embody a comprehensive response to the area's ever-increasing heat stress and water shortage. However, almost half of it is covered by grass lawns, irrigated with fresh water, while the remaining area is mainly covered with concrete paving, with minimal shading and sparse trees. We hypothesized that stressful thermal conditions would prevail in the park in the summer season and would be expressed in a high discomfort perception of its users. Thermo-physiological stress conditions in a typical summer month were compared with the subjective comfort perceptions of pedestrians surveyed in the park. It was found that even during mid-day hours, the level of thermal stress tends to be relatively mild, owing largely to the strong sea breeze and despite the high intensity of solar radiation. Moreover, it appears that the largely favorable perception of comfort among individuals may also result from socio-cultural aspects related to their satisfaction with the park's aesthetic attractiveness and in fact its very existence. Adaptive planning is proposed for such vulnerable regions, which are expected to experience further aggravation in thermal comfort due to global as well as localized warming trends.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1347-1362
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Biometeorology
Issue number10
StatePublished - 26 Oct 2015


  • Coastal park
  • Comfort perception
  • Heat stress
  • Index of Thermal Stress (ITS)
  • Sea breeze
  • Tel Aviv-Jaffa
  • Thermal comfort

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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