Hybrid nanocomposites based on superparamagnetic and ferromagnetic particles: A comparison of their magnetic and dielectric properties

Natalia Frickel, Moshe Gottlieb, Annette M. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanocomposites of magnetic nanoparticles and polymer matrices combine the properties of their components, and as such are good examples of functional nanomaterials with excellent application potential. Against this background, experimental and theoretical studies of such composites are of great interest. In this study we aim to provide insight into the static and dynamic magnetic response, as well as the dielectric response, of magnetic nanocomposites subjected to external magnetic and electric fields. We directly compare the behavior of polyurethane films doped with superparamagnetic Fe3O 4, and blocked ferromagnetic CoFe2O4 nanoparticles. While a reversible, Langevin magnetization curve is observed for Fe3O4@PU films, hysteretic magnetic behavior is found in case of CoFe2O4@PU films. The hysteresis observed for CoFe2O4 nanoparticles can be explained by interactions at the interface between particles and polymer matrix in conjunction with its ferromagnetic nature. The results of dielectric spectroscopy experiments revealed different effects of Fe3O4 and CoFe 2O4 nanoparticles on polymer dynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1781-1787
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer
Volume52
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Dielectric response
  • Magnetic response
  • Nanocomposites

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