Hyperemesis gravidarum: Effects on fetal outcome

Mordechai Hallak, Kyriakos Tsalamandris, Mitchell P. Dombrowski, Nelson B. Isada, Peter G. Pryde, Mark I. Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To study perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) as compared to controls. STUDY DESIGN: Between 1984 and 1991, 138 patients were diagnosed with HG according to Fairweather's criteria. Subjects were stratified into groups of mild and severe HG according to the presence of at least one of the following criteria: ketonuria, increased blood urea nitrogen and hematocrit, and/or abnormal electrolytes. All patients without HG on whom records were available and who delivered during the study period were included as controls. Multiple gestations and stillbirths were excluded from the analysis. Student's t test and the χ 2 were used/or statistical analysis. RESULTS: Demographic data were not significantly different between the groups. Forty patients were diagnosed as having mild HG and 98 patients as having severe; 12,335 patients were defined as controls. Mean fetal birth weights were 3,110, 3,093, and 3,160 g in the mild, severe and control groups, respectively. The incidence of congenital anomalies was 2.5%, 2.0% and 1.6%, respectively. The incidence of prematurity was 17.5%, 11.2% and 10.7% in mild and severe HG and controls, respectively. None of the outcome variables for mild or severe HG were significantly different as compared to the controls. Differences in other neonatal outcomes, including frequency of five-minute Apgar score < 7 and neonatal intensive care unit admissions, were not significantly different between the three groups. CONCLUSION: In contrast to previous reports, this study demonstrated that fetuses of gravidas admitted/or HG are not at increased risk of growth retardation, congenital anomalies or prematurity. No beneficial effect on pregnancy outcome was detected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)871-874
Number of pages4
JournalThe Journal of reproductive medicine
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • hyperemesis gravidarum
  • pregnancy complications
  • pregnancy outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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