Identifying the Bose glass phase

R. Pugatch, N. Bar-gill, N. Katz, E. Rowen, N. Davidson

Research output: Working paper/PreprintPreprint

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Abstract

Introducing disorder into the Bose-Hubbard model at integer fillings leads to a Bose glass phase, along with the Mott insulator and superfluid phases. We suggest a new order parameter: the determinant of the one body density matrix, which is nonzero only within the Mott-insulator phase. Alongside the superfluid fraction, it is then possible to distinguish the three phases. The Bose glass phase is the only phase which has vanishing determinant and superfluid fraction. The vanishing of the determinant in the Bose glass phase occurs due to the partial fragmentation of the condensate into localized fragments, each with zero superfluid response, which implies the presence of unoccupied sites and hence the presence of lines of zeros in the one body density matrix. In the superfluid phase, the determinant vanish for another reason - due to the macroscopic occupation of a single particle state. Finally, we suggest the enhancement of the three body decay rate in the Bose glass phase, as an experimental indicator for the presence of localized fragments.
Original languageEnglish GB
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2006

Publication series

NamearXiv preprint

Keywords

  • cond-mat.soft
  • cond-mat.other

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