Image steganography based on local variance

Ofer Hadar, Adiel Sol, Or Hamra, Armin Shmilovici

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


In this paper, a simple and robust watermarking algorithm is presented by using the first, second, third and the fourth Least Significant Bits (LSBs). We embed two bits in two places out of four LSBs according to the local variance value. Compared to the simple LSB algorithm where we use bits 7 and 8 to embed information, the proposed algorithm is more robust to white noise and JPEG compression. Experimental results show that the quality of the watermarked image is high in terms of Peak Signal-to-Noise (PSNR) and Structural Similarity Index (SSIM).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICWIP 2019 - 2019 2nd International Conference on Watermarking and Image Processing
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781450372800
StatePublished - 18 Sep 2019
Event2nd International Conference on Watermarking and Image Processing, ICWIP 2019 - Marseille, France
Duration: 18 Sep 201920 Sep 2019

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series


Conference2nd International Conference on Watermarking and Image Processing, ICWIP 2019


  • Digital watermarking
  • Hiding data
  • Image watermark
  • Steganography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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