Immediate Metabolic Response Following Sleeve Gastrectomy in Obese Diabetics

Chanan Meydan, Nir Goldstein, Efrat Weiss-Shwartz, Doron Lederfine, David Goitein, Moshe Rubin, Hadar Spivak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: Although laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been shown to have a long-term antidiabetic effect, little is known regarding the immediate response to surgery. This study’s objective was to evaluate the glycemic and lipid metabolic response in the first postoperative week. Methods: The study included 21 obese diabetic participants. Glycemic markers, lipids, and hepatic function tests were measured just prior to surgery and at 1 week and 3 months postoperatively. Two participants were dropped prior to all measurements due to technical reasons, and two more were lost to follow-up. Results: At 1 week after surgery, compared to preoperative baseline, we found reduced hemoglobin A1c (7.63 to 7.31, P < 0.001), insulin (24.96 to 10.92, P < 0.05), and borderline significant homeostatic model assessment insulin resistance (HOMA-IR, 9.48 to 3.91, P > 0.05). Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol increased and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol decreased. Three months after surgery, hemoglobin A1c, insulin, and HOMA-IR continued to decrease (6.05, 7.11, and 1.92, respectively, P < 0.05), with hemoglobin A1c correlated to weight loss (P < 0.05). Triglycerides, triglyceride to HDL ratio, and total cholesterol to HDL ratio also decreased, but there was no significant change in LDL cholesterol or HDL versus presurgery levels. Reduced triglyceride levels were correlated with reduced alanine transaminase (ALT) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) (P < 0.05). Conclusions: LSG is associated with marked antidiabetic effects as early as 1 week after surgery, unrelated to weight loss. The antidiabetic effect improves at 3 months. Triglyceride reduction was associated with improved hepatic functions, but cholesterol did not show a meaningful reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2023-2029
Number of pages7
JournalObesity Surgery
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Dyslipidemia
  • Insulin resistance
  • Obesity
  • Sleeve gastrectomy
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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