Immigration of ethiopians with typhoid fever to israel: apparent lack of influence on the local population

Yehuda Carmeli, Jonathan M. Schapiro, Michael Alkan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The epidemiology of typhoid fever in Western countries may be affected by immigration from developing countries. We studied the immigration of Ethiopian Jews to Israel to find the effects of an influx of many individuals infected with typhoid into an area with a low incidence of the disease. Typhoid fever affected 204 Israelis and 121 (1.1%) of 10, 654 Ethiopian immigrants during the period of 1984–1985. Of those Ethiopian cases, 107 occurred during a 3-month period. During the 5 months following that 3-month period, there was no increase in the number of cases of typhoid among Israelis. Although after that time there was a local waterborne outbreak of typhoid that affected 83 Israelis, no Ethiopians resided in the area where the outbreak occurred; therefore, we concluded that these 83 cases of typhoid fever were not related to the immigration of Ethiopians into Israel. In fact, if those 83 cases were excluded from the statistical analysis, there was no increase in the occurrence of typhoid during the 2-year period studied. Therefore, the immigration of many people with typhoid into an area of low incidence does not necessarily confer a risk of infection to the local population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1144-1146
Number of pages3
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


Dive into the research topics of 'Immigration of ethiopians with typhoid fever to israel: apparent lack of influence on the local population'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this