Impact of an Online Program of Bubble Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Education in a Resource-Constrained Setting

Wentiirim B. Annankra, Stephanie C. Mavis, Eilon Shany, Binil M. Jacob, Ashura Bakari, Rita Yeboah, Miki Karplus, William A. Carey, Agneta Golan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Background: Respiratory distress is a leading cause of preterm infant mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is emerging as a potentially safe, cost-effective way of delivering noninvasive respiratory support in low-income and middle-income countries. However, without healthcare providers who are knowledgeable and skilled in the use of this technology, suboptimal neonatal care and related health disparities are likely to persist. Objective: We hypothesized that an Internet-based, blended curriculum on bubble CPAP for bedside providers in low-resource mother-baby units (MBUs) could be developed and implemented and lead to improvements in clinical knowledge, reasoning, and learner confidence in bubble CPAP. Methods: Clinical educators from Israel, Ghana, and the United States used the analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation (ADDIE) design framework to create an online curriculum for two MBUs in Kumasi, in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Participants completed pre and post curriculum knowledge tests and completed surveys on their perspectives. Results: Fifty-four interdisciplinary health professionals from the MBUs participated in the curriculum. Median knowledge test scores improved from 64% (interquartile range [IQR] = 50–72%) to 81% (IQR = 71–89%) after participation in the curriculum (P, 0.001). Learners reported high levels of confidence with bubble CPAP after participating in the curriculum and evaluated the curricular components highly. Conclusion: An online curriculum was successfully implemented and led to changes in healthcare worker knowledge in bubble CPAP. This may be an effective way to deliver education to healthcare professionals in resource-constrained countries and warrants further study.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)87-95
    Number of pages9
    JournalATS Scholar
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023


    • bubble CPAP
    • flipped classroom
    • global education
    • mother-baby unit
    • neonatal intensive care

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
    • Clinical Neurology
    • Education
    • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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