Impact of antibiotic therapy during bedside percutaneous tracheotomy procedure in an intensive care

Evgeni Brotfain, Abraham Borer, Lisa Saidel-Odes, Leonid Koyfman, Amit Frenkel, Alexander Smolikov, Shaun E. Gruenbaum, Alexander Zlotnik, Moti Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Percutaneous bedside tracheostomy (PBT) is a frequently done procedure in the intensive care unit (ICU). The rate of infectious complications and efficacy of perioperative therapy in reducing infections after PBT is currently unknown. Methods: All demographic, clinical and microbiologic data was retrospectively collected from 110 cases of PBT performed in our ICU from 2006 to 2012. Of these patients, 82 patients received perioperative antibiotic therapy (Group 1, "antibiotic group") and 28 did not receive antibiotics (Group 2, "Non antibiotic group"). Results: Patients who received antibiotic therapy had a lower incidence of new ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) episodes [18% vs. 50 %, p = 0.001 (0.23, 0.87-0.13)]. There were no differences in the incidence of bacteremia or line sepsis. Overall Gram negative, Gram positive and fungal flora was similar in both groups before and after PBT. Conclusions: Our findings highlight the importance of conducting a prospective randomized control trial to better understand the role of antibiotic prophylaxis in PBT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-30
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Acute Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Bacteremia
  • Infectious complications
  • Line sepsis
  • New VAP episode
  • Percutaneous bedside tracheostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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