Impact of higher alginate expression on deposition of pseudomonas aeruginosa followed by biofouling of reverse osmosis membranes

Moshe Herzberg, Tesfalem Zere Rezene, Christopher Ziemba, Osnat Gillor

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

This study is focused on analyzing the biofouling potential of reverse osmosis (RO) colonizing bacteria producing large amount of extracellular polymeric substances. The effect of bacterial deposition an irreversible attachment of the colonizing strain on biofouling propensity was analyzed. A model strain, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 mucA22, a mucoid that constitutively producing high quantities of alginate, was used as a biofouling agent. Deposition of the mucA22 mutant and its isogenic wild type (where alginate expression in under control) was tested microscopically in a radial stagnation point flow (RSPF) system as well as biofouling runs in a crossflow rectangular plate-and-frame membrane cell where biofilms of the wild type and its mucoid strain were cultivated on a thin-film composite, polyamide, flat RO membrane coupon (LFC-1) under laminar flow conditions. In the RSPF system, the observed deposition rate of the mucoid strain was between 5- to 10-fold lower than of the wild type. Corroborating with these results, a significant deceleration in biofouling of the RO membrane was observed when the mucoid strain was inoculated as the membrane colonizer. The reduction in cell deposition of the mucoid strain was observed to be mainly affected by 5- to 25-fold increased hydrophilicity.Furthermore, more negative cell-surface zeta-potentials were observed, under all conditions, when alginate was expressed in a higher extent.

Original languageEnglish
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2009
Event2009 AWWA Membrane Technology Conference and Exposition - Memphis, TN, United States
Duration: 15 Mar 200918 Mar 2009

Conference

Conference2009 AWWA Membrane Technology Conference and Exposition
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMemphis, TN
Period15/03/0918/03/09

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