Impact of malignancy on outcomes in European patients with atrial fibrillation: A report from the ESC-EHRA EURObservational research programme in atrial fibrillation general long-term registry

The ESC-EHRA EORP-AF Long-Term General Registry Investigators

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background: The management of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and malignancy is challenging given the paucity of evidence supporting their appropriate clinical management. Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of patients with active or prior malignancy in a contemporary cohort of European AF patients. Methods: Patients enrolled in the EURObservational Research Programme in AF General Long-Term Registry were categorized into 3 categories: No Malignancy (NoMal), Prior Malignancy (PriorMal) and Active Malignancy (ActiveMal). The primary outcomes were all-cause death and the composite outcome MACE. Results: A total of 10 383 patients were analysed. Of these, 9597 (92.4%) were NoMal patients, 577 (5.6%) PriorMal and 209 (2%) ActiveMal. Lack of any antithrombotic treatment was more prevalent in ActiveMal patients (12.4%) as compared to other groups (5.0% vs 6.3% for PriorMal and NoMal, p <.001). After a median follow-up of 730 days, there were 982 (9.5%) deaths and 950 (9.7%) MACE events. ActiveMal was independently associated with a higher risk for all-cause death (HR 2.90, 95% CI 2.23–3.76) and MACE (HR 1.54, 95% CI 1.03–2.31), as well as any haemorrhagic events and major bleeding (OR 2.42, 95% CI 1.49–3.91 and OR 4.18, 95% CI 2.49–7.01, respectively). Use of oral anticoagulants was not significantly associated with a higher risk for all-cause death or bleeding in ActiveMal patients. Conclusions: In a large contemporary cohort of AF patients, active malignancy was independently associated with all-cause death, MACE and haemorrhagic events. Use of anticoagulants was not associated with a higher risk of all-cause death in patients with active malignancies.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere13773
    JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Investigation
    Volume52
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Jul 2022

    Keywords

    • NOACs
    • all-cause death
    • atrial fibrillation
    • cancer
    • malignancy
    • registry

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Clinical Biochemistry

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