Impact of restrictive versus obstructive pulmonary function patterns on mortality in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation

Ricardo O. Escárcega, Rebecca Torguson, Arpi Tavil-Shatelyan, Youstina Daoud, Edward Koifman, Sarkis Kiramijyan, Jiaxiang Gai, Lowell F. Satler, Augusto D. Pichard, Ron Waksman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Pulmonary function tests to estimate force vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) have increasingly been used in patients evaluated for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The impact of obstructive versus restrictive lung disease on mortality remains unclear. The authors sought to identify differences in survival in patients with 2 distinct pulmonary function patterns (obstruction vs. restriction). Methods: The authors retrospectively analyzed all patients with abnormal FEV1 (lower than 80% of predicted) detected on the pulmonary function tests prior to TAVI from May 2011 to November 2014. Patients were divided into a group with obstructive pattern (FEV1/FVC < 70% of predicted) and a group with restrictive pattern (FEV1/FVC > 70% of predicted). Cox proportional hazards regression was used to explore the impact of FEV1 on mortality. Results: A total of 94 patients were included in this analysis. Forty-one percent (n = 38) had obstructive pattern, and 59% (n = 56) had restrictive pattern. FEV1 values were similar between both groups (43 ± 19 vs. 42 ± 26, p = 0.89). Both groups had similar rates of in-hospital, 30-day, and 1-year mortality. FEV1 was not a correlate for 1-year mortality. Patients with pulmonary obstructive and restrictive patters had similar rates of mortality. Moreover, FEV1 value is not a correlate for 1-year mortality. Conclusion: In the current era, the pattern on pulmonary function tests and FEV1 values should not influence the decision on whom to offer a transcatheter option for their severe valvular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-185
Number of pages5
JournalCardiovascular Revascularization Medicine
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COPD
  • Obstructive
  • Restrictive
  • TAVR

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