Impaired cholesterol biosynthesis in a neuronal cell line persistently infected with measles virus

Shahar Robinzon, Avis Dafa-Berger, Mathew D. Dyer, Bryan Paeper, Sean C. Proll, Thomas H. Teal, Slava Rom, Daniel Fishman, Bracha Rager-Zisman, Michael G. Katze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Measles virus remains a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality, producing acute infection with a potential for development of viral persistence. To study the events underlying acute and persistent measles virus infection, we performed a global transcriptional analysis on murine neuroblastoma cells that were acutely or persistently infected with measles virus. In general, we found that acute infection induced significantly more gene expression changes than did persistent infection. A functional enrichment analysis to identify which host pathways were perturbed during each of these infections identified several pathways related to cholesterol biosynthesis, including cholesterol metabolic processes, hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A (CoA) reductase activity, and acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase activity. We also found that measles virus colocalized to lipid rafts in both acute and persistent infection models and that the majority of genes associated with cholesterol synthesis were downregulated in persistent infection relative to acute infection, suggesting a possible link with the defective viral budding in persistent infection. Further, we found that pharmacological inhibition of cholesterol synthesis resulted in the inhibition of viral budding during acute infection. In summary, persistent measles viral infection was associated with decreased cholesterol synthesis, a lower abundance of cholesterol and lipid rafts in the cell membrane, and inhibition of giant-cell formation and release of viral progeny.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5495-5504
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume83
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2009

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