Implications of endometriosis for women who observe Jewish law (halakha)

Ilana R. Chertok, Deena R. Zimmerman, Shoshana Taragin, Zeev Silverman, Mordechai Hallak

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Scopus citations


    Endometriosis is a chronic disease characterized by ectopic deposits of endometrial glands and stroma located outside the uterus. Women with symptomatic endometriosis may experience premenstrual bleeding or staining, pain and other physical sensations as well as other symptoms dependent upon the stage location of the endometrial implants. We discuss the particular implications of these symptoms for women who observe the part of Jewish law known as hilkhot niddah. The laws of nidden, also known as taharat hamishpahan (family purity). dictate the timing of the physical relationship between a married couple. These laws proscribe any physical contact between the couple during the time that the wife has the status of niddah. This status is obtained by any uterine bleeding that is not caused by injury. Menstruation is the most common cause of the niddah status, but niddah and menstruation are not synonymous. Since, to the best of our knowledge, there is no written discussion of the specific implications of endometriosis for this population, we discuss the relevant halakhic and medical literature and hope that such analysis will facilitate efforts to assist the observant couple in gaining regular niddah free efforts segments of time.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)71-74
    Number of pages4
    JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - 1 Feb 2005


    • Endometriosis
    • Halakha
    • Jewish law
    • Niddah
    • Women's health

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine (all)


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