Implicit and explicit anti-fat bias: The role of weight-related attitudes and beliefs

Roni Elran-Barak, Yoav Bar-Anan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: The increasing prevalence of anti-fat bias in American society comes at a great cost to the health and well-being of people who are overweight or obese. A better understanding of the correlates of anti-fat bias would inform development of interventions for reducing anti-fat bias. Based on three theoretical perspectives, this study tested the relation between attitudes and beliefs about weight and anti-fat bias (implicit and explicit): (1) The belief that one is like people who are fat (social identity theory). (2) The belief that one can control her/his weight (attribution theory). And (3) the beliefs that most people prefer thin people and that weight is important (socio-cultural theory). Methods: Participants were 66,799 volunteers (47,265 women, mean age of 27.88 ± 11.9 years) who completed the Thin-Fat Implicit Association Test on the Project Implicit website (https://implicit.harvard.edu/) during 2016. Explicit anti-fat bias and weight-related attitudes and beliefs were assessed by self-report. Correlation and regression analyses were conducted to examine links between weight-related attitudes and beliefs and anti-fat bias. Results: All tested weight-related attitudes and beliefs were significantly (p <.001) correlated with explicit and implicit anti-fat bias, but some of the correlations were very weak. An examination of the relative contribution of the tested weight-related attitudes and beliefs to a model explaining anti-fat bias suggested that the strongest correlates of explicit anti-fat bias were the beliefs that weight was important (β = 0.194, p <.001), that most people prefer thin people (β = 0.177, p <.001), and that the respondent was like people who are fat (β = −0.180, p <.001). Discussion: The social-identity and socio-cultural theories may provide a stronger explanation for anti-fat bias relative to attribution theory. Future research could use longitudinal designs with more reliable measures in order to verify these cross-sectional findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume204
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2018

Keywords

  • Anti-fat bias
  • Attribution theory
  • Implicit-association-test
  • Obesity
  • Social-identity theory
  • Socio-cultural theory
  • Weight-stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

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