Importance of biofilters in heavy metal removal: Fundamental to recent advances

Himja Tiwari, Nishit Savla, Soumya Pandit, Srijoni Banerjee, Elvis Fosso-Kankeu, Ravishankar Patil, Piyush Kumar Gupta, Kanu Priya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Heavy metals like Cu, Pb are required in small concentrations but their overconsumption leads to diseases and disorders which ultimately threatens human life. This chapter presents an overview of biofiltration. This chapter will deal with the toxicity of metals, conventional methods for their treatment, and advantages of biofilter over other treatment processes. The process and mechanism of biofilters is discussed in detail along with the parameters required by biofilter to function efficiently. As biofiltration is an emerging field there are many scaling up processes needed to be done, which is also discussed in the later parts of this chapter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAn Innovative Role of Biofiltration in Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs)
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780128239469
ISBN (Print)9780128239476
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Biofilm
  • Biofilter
  • Bioremediation
  • Heavy metal removal
  • Wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Immunology and Microbiology


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