Importance of calcium oxalate crystals in Panchavalkala

R. Vyas Palak, C. R. Harisha, P. K. Prajapati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Among the various cell contents, calcium oxalate crystals of different types are found in different organs of the plant. They may be present in almost all parts of the plant. They give protection to the plant against birds and animals. They have great diagnostic value. Presence and absence of crystals, and dimensions are useful in correct identification of crude drugs. Help in detection of adulterants. Panchvalkala is the combination of five different plants of two families viz. Vata -Ficusbenghalensis (Moraceae), Udumbar - Ficusglomerata (Moraceae), Ashwattha - Ficusreligiosa (Moraceae), Parisha - Thespesiapopulnea (Malvaceae) and Plaksha - Ficuslecor (Moraceae). Members of moraceae and malvaceae family are extensively used in many of the medicinal preparation in Ayurveda. Panchavalkala is one of the ideal combinations for a vast range of therapeutics focused in Ayurveda like vranaprakshalana&ropana, shothahara, upadanshahara, visarpahara, etc. The author Pharmacognostically studied the powder characteristics, presence of rosette & prismatic crystals of calcium oxalate are very common in the above mentioned plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-116
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Calcium Oxalate Crystals
  • Panchavalkala
  • Pharmacognosy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery


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