Improved accuracy of myocardial perfusion SPECT for detection of coronary artery disease by machine learning in a large population

Reza Arsanjani, Yuan Xu, Damini Dey, Vishal Vahistha, Aryeh Shalev, Rine Nakanishi, Sean Hayes, Mathews Fish, Daniel Berman, Guido Germano, Piotr J. Slomka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to improve the diagnostic accuracy of myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) by integrating clinical data and quantitative image features with machine learning (ML) algorithms. Methods: 1,181 rest 201Tl/stress 99mTc-sestamibi dual-isotope MPS studies [713 consecutive cases with correlating invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and 468 with low likelihood (LLk) of CAD <5%] were considered. Cases with stenosis <70% by ICA and LLk of CAD were considered normal. Total stress perfusion deficit (TPD) for supine/prone data, stress/rest perfusion change, and transient ischemic dilatation were derived by automated perfusion quantification software and were combined with age, sex, and post-electrocardiogram CAD probability by a boosted ensemble ML algorithm (LogitBoost). The diagnostic accuracy of the model for prediction of obstructive CAD ≥70% was compared to standard prone/supine quantification and to visual analysis by two experienced readers utilizing all imaging, quantitative, and clinical data. Tenfold stratified cross-validation was performed. Results: The diagnostic accuracy of ML (87.3% ± 2.1%) was similar to Expert 1 (86.0% ± 2.1%), but superior to combined supine/prone TPD (82.8% ± 2.2%) and Expert 2 (82.1% ± 2.2%) (P <.01). The receiver operator characteristic areas under curve for ML algorithm (0.94 ± 0.01) were higher than those for TPD and both visual readers (P <.001). The sensitivity of ML algorithm (78.9% ± 4.2%) was similar to TPD (75.6% ± 4.4%) and Expert 1 (76.3% ± 4.3%), but higher than that of Expert 2 (71.1% ± 4.6%), (P <.01). The specificity of ML algorithm (92.1% ± 2.2%) was similar to Expert 1 (91.4% ± 2.2%) and Expert 2 (88.3% ± 2.5%), but higher than TPD (86.8% ± 2.6%), (P <.01). Conclusion: ML significantly improves diagnostic performance of MPS by computational integration of quantitative perfusion and clinical data to the level rivaling expert analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-562
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Myocardial perfusion imaging: SPECT
  • automated quantification
  • coronary artery disease
  • machine learning
  • total perfusion deficit

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