Improvement in cardiac dysfunction with a novel circuit training method combining simultaneous aerobic-resistance exercises. A randomized trial

Horesh Dor-Haim, Sharon Barak, Michal Horowitz, Eldad Yaakobi, Sara Katzburg, Moshe Swissa, Chaim Lotan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction Exercise is considered a valuable nonpharmacological intervention modality in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs in patients with ischemic heart disease. The effect of aerobic interval exercise combined with alternating sets of resistance training (super-circuit training, SCT) on cardiac patients’ with reduced left ventricular function, post-myocardial infarction (MI) has not been thoroughly investigated. Aim of study to improve cardiac function with a novel method of combined aerobic-resistance circuit training in a randomized control trial by way of comparing the effectiveness of continuous aerobic training (CAT) to SCT on mechanical cardiac function. Secondary to compare their effect on aerobic fitness, manual strength, and quality of life in men post MI. Finally, to evaluate the safety and feasibility of SCT. Methods 29 men post-MI participants were randomly assigned to either 12-weeks of CAT (n = 15) or SCT (n = 14). Both groups, CAT and SCT exercised at 60%-70% and 75–85% of their heart rate reserve, respectively. The SCT group also engaged in intermittently combined resistance training. Primary outcome measure was echocardiography. Secondary outcome measures were aerobic fitness, strength, and quality of life (QoL). The effectiveness of the two training programs was examined via paired t-tests and Cohen’s d effect size (ES). Results Post-training, only the SCT group presented significant changes in echocardiography (a reduction in E/e’ and an increase in ejection fraction, P<0.05). Similarly, only the SCT group presented significant changes in aerobic fitness (an increase in maximal metabolic equivalent, P<0.05). In addition, SCT improvement in the physical component of QoL was greater than this observed in the CAT group. In both training programs, no adverse events were observed. Conclusion Men post-MI stand to benefit from both CAT and SCT. However, in comparison to CAT, as assessed by echocardiography, SCT may yield greater benefits to the left ventricle mechanical function as well as to the patient’s aerobic fitness and physical QoL. Moreover, the SCT program was found to be feasible as well as safe.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0188551
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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