In first-time mothers, post-partum depressive symptom prospectively predict symptoms of post-traumatic stress

Golan Shahar, Shirley Herishanu-Gilutz, Gershon Holcberg, Ora Kofman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract Background Symptoms of both depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are prevalent among first-time mothers following birth. However, the direction of the association between the two types of symptoms is unclear. Methods Ninety six first-time mothers giving birth via vaginal delivery (N=38), emergency C-Section (N=27) and planned C-Section (N=21) were assessed for depression and PTSD twice: Six weeks post-partum and six-weeks later. Results Cross-lagged Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analyses revealed a prospective effect of depressive symptoms on PTSD symptoms. No moderating factors were identified. Limitations A relatively modest sample size and only two assessment waves. Conclusions An early detection and intervention with symptoms of post-partum depression might also prevent the development of PTSD symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7584
Pages (from-to)168-170
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume186
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Comorbidity
  • First-time-mothers
  • PTSD
  • Post-partum-depression
  • Structural-equation-modeling
  • Symptoms

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