In-Place Augmented Reality

Oriel Bergig, Nate Hagbi, Jihad El-Sana, Klara Kedem, Mark Billinghurst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


In this paper, we present a vision-based approach for transmitting virtual models for Augmented Reality, which we name In-Place Augmented Reality (IPAR). A two-dimensional representation of the virtual models is embedded in a printed image. We apply computer vision techniques to interpret the printed image and extract the virtual models, which are then overlaid on the printed image. The main advantages of our approach are: (1) the image of the embedded virtual models and their behaviors are understandable to a human without using an AR system and (2) no database or network communication is required to retrieve the models. To demonstrate the technology and test its usability, we implemented several applications and performed a user evaluation. We discuss how the proposed technique can be used for the development of applications in different domains such as education, advertisement, and gaming.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-212
Number of pages12
JournalVirtual Reality
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2011


  • Augmented Reality content
  • Content transmission
  • Dual perception encoding
  • In-Place Augmented Reality
  • Model embedding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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