In Vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments in Maccabi Healthcare Services 2007-2014

Shahar Kol, Lucia Bergovoy Yellin, Yaakov Segal, Avi Porath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Background: Israel reports the world's highest IVF cycles per capita. However, clinical outcome data of these treatments are scarce. In a previous publication, we summarized IVF results among Maccabi Healthcare Services members for the years 2007-2010. The main findings included an increase in mean patients' age over the period studied, a 50 % increase in cycle numbers during this time, and a decrease in success rate (live birth) from 18.8 % in 2007 to 14.8 % in 2010. The purpose of the current publication is to summarize IVF outcome for the years 2011-2014, and to explore possible changes in the trends we reported previously. Methods: IVF and live births data were collected from Maccabi Healthcare Services' fertility treatments registry. Analyses were conducted by treatment year and patients' age at the initiation of treatment cycles. Autologous cycles, were included (ovum donation cycles and frozen-thaw cycles were excluded). A successful cycle was defined if a live birth was recorded within 10 months of its initiation. Results: In accordance with previous data for the years 2007-2010, mean patients' age continued to rise (from 36.2 in 2011 to 37.1 in 2014). In contrast to previous years, during which a continued increase in treatment cycles was recorded, we found that treatment number decreased from a peak of 9,751 in 2011 to 8,623 in 2014. Contrary to that trend, the number of patients over 40 years of age increased from 3,204 in 2011 to 3,648 in 2014. Success rate fluctuated between 14.4 % in 2014 to 16.4 % in 2013. The majority (78 %) of treatment cycles were conducted in four private medical centers. Conclusions: The decrease in treatment cycles in recent years notwithstanding, Israel is still leading the world with IVF treatments relative to population. Success rate is relatively low compared to international data. Given the steady increase in patients' mean age, and particularly, the increase in patients over 40 years of age, we maintain that the low success rate reflects a growing number of treatments that a priori have a low chance of success.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14
JournalIsrael Journal of Health Policy Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 8 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Assisted reproductive technology
  • In-vitro fertilization
  • Infertility registry
  • Israel
  • Maccabi Healthcare Services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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