In vitro propagation and secondary metabolite production in Gloriosa superba L

Rupa Sanyal, Saheli Nandi, Sharmila Pandey, Tuyelee Das, Prabhjot Kaur, Merinashwari Konjengbam, Nishi Kant, Md Habibur Rahman, Avinash Mundhra, Mafatlal M. Kher, Uttpal Anand, Radha, Manoj Kumar, Niraj Kumar Jha, Saurabh Kumar Jha, Mahipal S. Shekhawat, Devendra Kumar Pandey, Abhijit Dey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Abstract: Gloriosa superba L., commonly known as “gloriosa lily,” “glory lily,” and “tiger claw,” is a perennial climber in the Liliaceae family. This plant is used in African and Southeast Asian cultures as an ayurvedic medicinal herb to treat various health conditions. Its main bioactive component is colchicine, which is responsible for medicinal efficacies as well as poisonous properties of the plant. A high market demand, imprudent harvesting of G. superba from natural habitat, and low seed setting have led scientists to explore micropropagation techniques and in vitro optimization of its phytochemicals. Plant growth regulators have been used to induce callus, root, and shoot organogenesis, and somatic embryogenesis in vitro. This review is aimed at presenting information regarding the occurrence, taxonomic description, phytochemistry, micropropagation, in vitro secondary metabolite, and synthetic seed production. The data collected from the existing literature, along with an analysis of individual study details, outcomes, and variations in the reports, will contribute to the development of biotechnological strategies for conservation and mass propagation of G. superba. Key points: • Latest literature on micropropagation of Gloriosa superba. • Biotechnological production and optimization of colchicine. • Regeneration, somatic embryogenesis, and synthetic seed production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5399-5414
Number of pages16
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Issue number17
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2022


  • Colchicine
  • Gloriosa superba
  • Micropropagation
  • Plant growth regulators
  • Somatic embryogenesis
  • Synthetic seed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Biotechnology


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