Inappropriateness of cataract extraction: an analysis in two Israeli hospital settings.

M. Leshno, H. Reuveni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the appropriateness of cataract extraction in two Israeli regional hospitals. SETTINGS: Two Israeli hospitals located in different geographic areas. DESIGN: A randomized sample of 150 patients was drawn from a list of all patients who underwent cataract surgery at the two study hospitals during 1995. Detailed extraction of hospital medical records was performed. The appropriateness of cataract surgery was assessed using the Medical Review System, an interactive expert system that assesses the appropriateness of selected medical and surgical procedures. RESULTS: The rates of cataract surgery in the two hospitals were 0.54 and 0.59 operations per 1,000 population, respectively, and the age-adjusted rates per 1,000 population were 5.7 and 6.2, respectively. The percentage of patients with only light perception or hand-motion perception in the operated eye before the operation was 62.2%, with no difference in the two hospitals. There was not a significant difference in the distribution of visual acuity before the operation; however, there was a significant difference in the distribution of visual acuity after the surgery. Rates of inappropriate surgeries in the two hospitals were found to be similar to the inappropriate rate in the United States (1.3%). The preoperative visual acuity of patients undergoing cataract surgery in Israel was inferior to the visual acuity of patients undergoing cataract surgery in the United States. CONCLUSION: To increase quality and cost-effectiveness in the Israeli medical system, future studies of this type are warranted in connection with surgical procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-27
Number of pages5
JournalClinical performance and quality health care
Volume7
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes

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