Business angels who invest in start-ups are important not only because of their input of financial capital, but even more so because of their experience and skill. Recognizing these benefits, policies that encourage business angels to invest in start-ups are very popular across countries. We use a natural experiment setting to examine the effect of such a policy on the number of angels investing in each start-up targeted by the incentivizing policy. Using data on 6840 Israeli start-ups in seven high-tech industries with 9095 angels, we find that a policy encouraging angels to invest in seed-stage start-ups effectively reduced the number of angels investing in each firm. Evidence suggests that the investments by angels in these start-ups also decreased compared to what would have been expected in the absence of the incentive policy. Interviews we conducted with angels shed some light on potential reasons for the decline. We discuss potential policy implications.
- Natural experiment
- Public policy
- Tax incentive
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Strategy and Management
- Management Science and Operations Research
- Management of Technology and Innovation