Increased prevalence of disordered eating in the dual diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus and celiac disease

Itay Tokatly Latzer, Marianna Rachmiel, Nehama Zuckerman Levin, Kineret Mazor-Aronovitch, Zohar Landau, Rachel Frumkin Ben-David, Chana GrafBar-El, Noah Gruber, Noa Levek, Batia Weiss, Daniel Stein, Liat Lerner-Geva, Orit Pinhas-Hamiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Background: Disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) may lead to full blown eating disorders. Both type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and celiac disease (CD) have been linked to DEBs. Objective: To compare the presence of DEBs between adolescents and young adults with a dual diagnosis of T1DM and CD, and individuals with only one of the diagnoses. Methods: Individuals with a dual diagnosis of T1DM and CD (“T1DM + CD group” n = 39), with a diagnosis of T1DM only (“T1DM group” n = 97) and with a diagnosis of CD only (“CD group” n = 267) filled the Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26) questionnaire. Those with T1DM completed in addition to the Diabetes Eating Problem Survey-Revised (DEPS-R). Results: The study population comprised of 403 individuals, of whom 65% were females. There were no statistically significant differences among the groups in distribution of sex, age, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, age of disease diagnosis and duration. The prevalence of DEBs in the T1DM + CD group was 3-fold higher (26.0%) than in the T1DM (8.2%) and CD (8.2%) groups (P =.003). This trend was observed for both females and males. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the T1DM + CD group had an increased risk for DEBs (odds ratio, OR: 4.7, 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.9-11.2, P =.001) after adjustment for age, sex, and body mass index. Additionally, being female, older and overweight increased the risk for DEBs. HbA1c values were not associated with an increased DEBs rate. Conclusions: Individuals with the dual diagnoses of T1DM and CD have an increased likelihood to develop DEBs compared to those with only one of these diagnoses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-755
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Diabetes
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • DEPS-R
  • EAT-26
  • celiac disease
  • disordered eating
  • type 1 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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