Increasing adverse drug reaction reporting-how can we do better?

Miri Potlog Shchory, Lee H. Goldstein, Lidia Arcavi, Renata Shihmanter, Matitiahu Berkovitch, Amalia Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are associated with morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although national systems for reporting ADRs exist there is a low reporting rate. The aim of the current study was to evaluate an intervention plan for improving ADRs reporting among medical professionals (physicians and nurses). A multicentre intervention study was conducted, in which one medical centre was randomly assigned to the intervention group and two medical centres to the control group. The study consisted of 3 phases: baseline data collection, intervention and follow-up of the reporting rate. The questionnaire that was filled in at base line and at the end of study, contained questions about personal/professional demographic variables, and statements regarding knowledge of and behaviour toward ADRs reporting. The intervention program consisted of posters, lectures, distant electronic learning and reminders. An increase in the number of ADRs reports was noted in the intervention group (74 times higher than in the control group) during the intervention period, which was gradually decreased with as the study progressed (adjusted O.R = 74.1, 95% CI = 21.11-260.1, p<0.001). The changes in the "knowledge related to behaviour"(p = 0.01) and in the "behaviour related to reporting"(p<0.001) score was significantly higher in the intervention group. Specialist physicians and nurses (p<0.001), fulfilling additional positions (p<0.001) and those working in other places (p = 0.05) demonstrated a high rate of report. Lectures were preferable as a method to encourage ADRs reporting. The most convenient reporting tools were telephone and online reporting. Thus, implementation and maintenance of a continuous intervention program, by a pharmacovigilance specialist staff member, will improve ADRs reporting rates.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0235591
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume15
Issue number8 August
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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