Individual differences in self reported cognitive failures: The attention hypothesis revisited

Nachshon Meiran, Amira Israeli, Henri Levi, Ronit Grafi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is unclear which attention functions are related to self reported cognitive failures [measured with the CFQ (Broadbent, Cooper, FitzGerald & Parks, 1982)]. Experiment 1 showed no significant correlations between CFQ and two perceptual speed tests. In Experiment 2 we identified two attention/control factors. Shifting between action-schemas was not significantly correlated with CFQ. However, frequent cognitive failures were associated with slow performance on focused attention tasks (r = 0.61). In Experiment 3 subjects named tachistoscopically presented letters, appearing in one of eight locations along a circular display. In 75% of the trials targets appeared in one of two pre-cued locations. When the cues were adjacent and the Stimulus-Onset-Asynchrony was long (120 msec) subjects zoomed covert visual attention on the cued locations. Report of frequent cognitive failures was significantly associated with greater zooming (r = 0.45). Nevertheless, zooming led more to costs than to benefits. The data are discussed in terms of Norman and Shallice's (1986) model of attention control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-739
Number of pages13
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology (all)

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