Inducing acute liver injury in rats via carbon tetrachloride (CCL4) exposure through an orogastric tube

Dmitry Frank, Shiri Savir, Benjamin F. Gruenbaum, Israel Melamed, Julia Grinshpun, Ruslan Kuts, Boris Knyazer, Alexander Zlotnik, Max Vinokur, Matthew Boyko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Acute liver injury (ALI) plays a crucial role in the development of hepatic failure, which is characterized by severe liver dysfunction including complications such as hepatic encephalopathy and impaired protein synthesis. Appropriate animal models are vital to test the mechanism and pathophysiology of ALI and investigate different hepatoprotective strategies. Due to its ability to perform chemical transformations, carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) is widely used in the liver to induce ALI through the formation of reactive oxygen species. CCl4 exposure can be performed intraperitoneally, by inhalation, or through a nasogastric or orogastric tube. Here, we describe a rodent model, in which ALI is induced by CCl4 exposure through an orogastric tube. This method is inexpensive, easily performed, and has minimal hazard risk. The model is highly reproducible and can be widely used to determine the efficacy of potential hepatoprotective strategies and assess markers of liver injury.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere60695
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number158
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2020


  • Acute liver injury (ALI)
  • Carbon tetrachloride (CCl)
  • Hepatic injury
  • Issue 158
  • Liver damage
  • Medicine
  • Rat model
  • Toxin


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