Infant screen media and child development: A prospective community study

Ortal Slobodin, Orit E. Hetzroni, Moran Mandel, Sappir Saad Nuttman, Zainab Gawi Damashi, Eden Machluf, Michael Davidovitch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The current study examined longitudinal associations between early screen media exposure (assessed at 6, 12, and 24 months) and the child's motor and language/communication development at the ages of 24 and 36 months. We also aimed to study whether these associations varied by socioeconomic status (SES). Participants were 179 parent-infant dyads, recruited from well-baby clinic services during routine visits. Child development measures included standardized measures of developmental milestones as assessed by professionals and referral data to child developmental centers. Both measures were retrieved from the official health maintenance organization records by an expert in child development. Results indicated that screen exposure at 6 and 12 months was associated with a higher risk for language/communication deficits at 36 months in children with moderate or high SES but not in children with low SES. Our findings are consistent with existing literature demonstrating cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between early screen exposure and language development deficits. Given that media use practices and motivations vary among families from different backgrounds, further investigation of the interaction between SES and screen exposure is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-174
Number of pages20
JournalInfancy
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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