Infantile spasms

Gideon Vardi, Shir Melamed Snapir, Joav Merick, Zamir Shorer, Jacov Levy, Michael Friger, Aharon Galil

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


In this chapter we examine all cases of infantile spasms (IS) diagnosed at the Soroka University Medical Center, Ben Gurion University over a 16 year period. 31 children, 17 (55%) males. 17 (55%) were Jews and 14 (45%) Bedouins. Four (13%) died. Data was gathered from hospital files, neuropediatric unit and Zusman Child Development Center. Demographic and ethnic data, characteristics of the disease type of seizures, EEG pattern imaging studies, type of treatment, psychomotor development, rehabilitation and educational services were analysed. Mean age at diagnosis 7.22 months. Etiology for one third was pre- or perinatal insult, one third postnatal and one third unknown. 26 (84%) were symptomatic and five (16%) cryptogenic. Significant statistical difference was found with more Bedouin children symptomatic with moderate or severe mental retardation, cerebral palsy with severe motor difficulties and recurrence of the disease. Statistically significant correlation existed between poor response to initial treatment and placement in special education, recurrence of disease and cerebral palsy with moderate or severe motor difficulties, the appearence of a different type of epilepsy during follow-up and placement in special education. 18 children (58%) received first treatment with ACTH, 10 (32%) children with IVIG (immunoglobolin iv), 3 (10%) with neither ACTH nor IVIG. Regarding therapy response we found no significant difference between Jews and Bedouins.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBedouin Health
Subtitle of host publicationPerspectives from Israel
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781629482743
ISBN (Print)9781629482712
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Health Professions
  • General Medicine


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