Influence of hydrogen on microstructure and dynamic strength of lean duplex stainless steel

Ravit Silverstein, Dan Eliezer, Benny Glam, Daniel Moreno, Shalom Eliezer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


In this research dynamic strength is analyzed for the first time in a lean duplex stainless steel (LDS) uncharged and charged with hydrogen. In particular, the dynamic yield stress (Hugoniot elastic limit, HEL) and the dynamic tensile strength (spall strength) of LDS are studied. We also investigate the deformation mechanism of the LDS using metallurgical analysis. LDS was chosen since it has a mixed structure of ferrite (BCC, α) and austenite (FCC, γ), which allows an attractive combination of high strength and ductility. The dynamic loading was produced by accelerating an LDS impactor in a gas gun into an LDS target (uniaxial plate impact experiments). Data collection was performed by optical diagnostics through the velocity interferometer for any reflector device. The impact produces conditions of high pressure and high strain rate (~105 s-1), which can be comparable to explosions during extreme conditions of failure. In addition, investigations of hydrogen interaction with both crystal lattices were performed by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. Several assessments can be made based on the results of this study. Using XRD analysis, it will be shown that even after hydrogen desorption some hydrogen remained trapped in the austenitic phase causing a small lattice expansion. After impact, a brittle spall was seen, which occurred through cavitation of cracks along both phases' grain boundaries. Hydrogen increases the dynamic yield strength and when hydrogen content is sufficiently high it will also lead to higher spall strength. The relation between microstructure and dynamic strength of the LDS in the presence of hydrogen is discussed in detail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4025-4031
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • General Materials Science
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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