Influence of rootstock and scion on antioxidant capacity of juice from new pomelo and mandarin varieties

Eran Raveh, Tany Saban, Hillman Zipi, Elie Beit-Yannai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: New pomelo and mandarin scion varieties growing under subtropical arid conditions were investigated for total antioxidants in the juice. Four different rootstocks - sour orange (Citrus aurantium (L.); SO), Volkamer lemon (C. volkameriana (Ten & Pasq.)), SB812 (C. sunki (Hort. ex Tan.) × Poncirus trifoliate (L.)) and C. macrophylla (Wester) - were tested. RESULTS: Fruit juice was tested for total antioxidants, ascorbic acid and total polyphenol contents. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) analysis revealed three different antioxidant groups for pomelo and four groups for mandarin. CV analysis for the pomelo scion/rootstock combinations showed that ascorbic acid concentration was highest for scions grafted onto SO.Total polyphenol levels were similar among the pomelo varieties. Mandarin analysis revealed that 'Merav' scion/SO had the highest ascorbic acid concentration (1.91 ± 0.01 mmol L-1). Total polyphenol analysis discovered that 'Merav' 4/119-/SB812 gave the highest levels, while 'Ora Shani' scion grafted on to any tested rootstock contained the lowest. CONCLUSION: We suggest that the SO rootstock is superior to Volka, 812 and macrophylla in terms of juice antioxidant capacity. For the pomelo, both 'Flamingo' scions were found to have high antioxidant production capacity, with 'Flamingo' 3/73 being slightly superior regardless of the rootstock. The best mandarins were 'Merav' hybrids in combination with SO rootstock.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1825-1830
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume89
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Citrus
  • Cyclic voltammetry
  • Functional food
  • Nutritive quality

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