Information bottleneck based age verification

Ron M. Hecht, Omer Hezroni, Amit Manna, Gil Dobry, Yaniv Zigel, Naftali Tishby

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Word N-gram models can be used for word-based age-group verification. In this paper the agglomerative information bottleneck (AIB) approach is used to tackle one of the most fundamental drawbacks of word N-gram models: its abundant amount of irrelevant information. It is demonstrated that irrelevant information can be omitted by joining words to form word-clusters; this provides a mechanism to transform any sequence of words to a sequence of word-cluster labels. Consequently, word N-gram models are converted to word-cluster N-gram models which are more compact. Age verification experiments were conducted on the Fisher corpora. Their goal was to verify the age-group of the speaker of an unknown speech segment. In these experiments an N-gram model was compressed to a fifth of its original size without reducing the verification performance. In addition, a verification accuracy improvement is demonstrated by disposing irrelevant information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-191
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH
StatePublished - 26 Nov 2009
Event10th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH 2009 - Brighton, United Kingdom
Duration: 6 Sep 200910 Sep 2009


  • Age estimation
  • Age verification
  • Information bottleneck
  • Speech processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Signal Processing
  • Software
  • Sensory Systems


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