## Abstract

We introduce the concept of information compressibility, K_{I}, which measures the relative change of number of available microstates of an open system in response to an energy variation. We then prove that at the time in which the system reaches a steady state, the second and third time derivatives of the information entropy are proportional to the corresponding time derivatives of the energy, the proportionality constant being K_{I}. We argue that if two steady states with different but same-sign K_{I} are dynamically connected in a non-adiabatic way it takes a longer time to reach the state with compressibility closer to zero than the reverse. We also show analytically that for a two-level system in contact with external baths, the information compressibility is inversely proportional to the temperature measured at any given time by a probe that is coupled to the system, and whose temperature is adjusted so that the system dynamics is minimally perturbed. This concept, that applies to both classical and quantum open systems, thus provides insight into the properties of non-equilibrium steady states.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 40004 |

Journal | Europhysics Letters |

Volume | 85 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 19 Feb 2009 |

## Keywords

- cond-mat.stat-mech

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- General Physics and Astronomy