Information propagation in isolated quantum systems

David J. Luitz, Yevgeny Bar Lev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

Entanglement growth and out-of-time-order correlators (OTOC) are used to assess the propagation of information in isolated quantum systems. In this work, using large scale exact time evolution we show that for weakly disordered nonintegrable systems information propagates behind a ballistically moving front, and the entanglement entropy growths linearly in time. For stronger disorder the motion of the information front is algebraic and subballistic and is characterized by an exponent, which depends on the strength of the disorder, similarly to the sublinear growth of the entanglement entropy. We show that the dynamical exponent associated with the information front coincides with the exponent of the growth of the entanglement entropy for both weak and strong disorder. We also demonstrate that the temporal dependence of the OTOC is characterized by a fast nonexponential growth, followed by a slow saturation after the passage of the information front. Finally, we discuss the implications of this behavioral change on the growth of the entanglement entropy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number020406
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes

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