Infants suffering from bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are knwon to have low levels of vitamin A, a factor which may be implicated in the pathogenesis of the condition. The ability of retinoic acid (RA) (one of the active forms of vitamin A) to influence the production of superoxide anion (O2-) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by stimulated human adult or cord blood neutrophils and macrophages has been studied. RA was found to inhibit the O2- and H2O2 production in a dose-dependent manner. The time required for maximal inhibition was 30 min for neutrophils and 24 h for macrophages. Although cord blood neutrophils produced larger quantities of O2- and H2O2 both with and without RA, the degree of inhibition was similar in both adult and neonatal cells (40-60%). The results suggest that retinoic acid may prevent neutrophil and macrophage mediated lung damage by inhibiting the production of toxic oxygen compounds, especially in BPD conditions.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy