Initiation of RAFT Polymerization: Electrochemically Initiated RAFT Polymerization in Emulsion (Emulsion eRAFT), and Direct PhotoRAFT Polymerization of Liquid Crystalline Monomers

Caroline Bray, Guoxin Li, Almar Postma, Lisa T. Strover, Jade Wang, Graeme Moad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on two important advances in radical polymerization with reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT polymerization). (1) Electrochemically initiated emulsion RAFT (eRAFT) polymerization provides rapid polymerization of styrene at ambient temperature. The electrolytes and mediators required for eRAFT are located in the aqueous continuous phase separate from the low-molar-mass-dispersity macroRAFT agent mediator and product in the dispersed phase. Use of a poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide)-block-poly(butyl acrylate) amphiphilic macroRAFT agent composition means that no added surfactant is required for colloidal stability. (2) Direct photoinitiated (visible light) RAFT polymerization provides an effective route to high-purity, low-molar-mass-dispersity, side chain liquid-crystalline polymers (specifically, poly(4-biphenyl acrylate)) at high monomer conversion. Photoinitiation gives a product free from low-molar-mass initiator-derived by-products and with minimal termination. The process is compared with thermal dialkyldiazene initiation in various solvents. Numerical simulation was found to be an important tool in discriminating between the processes and in selecting optimal polymerization conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-64
Number of pages9
JournalAustralian Journal of Chemistry
Volume74
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Initiation of RAFT Polymerization: Electrochemically Initiated RAFT Polymerization in Emulsion (Emulsion eRAFT), and Direct PhotoRAFT Polymerization of Liquid Crystalline Monomers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this