Insights into ion imprinted membrane with a delayed permeation mechanism for enhancing Cd2+ selective separation

Yu Xi, Hui Shi, Ru Liu, Xiaocui Yin, Liming Yang, Manhong Huang, Xubiao Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ion imprinted polymers exhibit great potential in ion separation from wastewater. However, the difficulty of ion separation by membrane is proverbial, which severely restricts the application of membrane in metal resource recovery from industrial wastewater. Herein, a rational molecular-level design approaches for membrane fabrication was developed to modify a layer of ion imprinted polymer onto the PVDF membrane. Batch rebind and permeation experiments suggest that specific host-guest binding sites had been fabricated along the membrane pore in ion imprinted membranes (IIM). A higher monomer dose leads to a higher rejection of Cd2+, and the more bind sites in IIM. The binding of IIM to Cd2+ was 1.84 times that of non-ion imprinted membranes (NIM). Permselectivity factors (γ) of IIM are larger than 5.39 in mixture ions solutions. Chemical characterization and density functional theory (DFT) calculation reveal that the Cd2+ recognition sites of functional groups are C−S and C˭S. Cd2+ mass transport in IIM suggest that the imprint effects provide a binding force that would delay Cd2+ to permeate through IIM, so as to selectively separate Cd2+ with other ions. The imprint effects may enlighten a novel molecular-level design approaches for membrane fabrication to enhance the selectivity of ion-ion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125772
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume416
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cadmium ion
  • Imprint effect
  • Ion imprinted membrane
  • Permselectivity
  • Theoretical calculation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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