Instructive simulation of the bacterial cell division cycle

Arieh Zaritsky, Ping Wang, Norbert O.E. Vischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The coupling between chromosome replication and cell division includes temporal and spatial elements. In bacteria, these have globally been resolved during the last 40 years, but their full details and action mechanisms are still under intensive study. The physiology of growth and the cell cycle are reviewed in the light of an established dogma that has formed a framework for development of new ideas, as exemplified here, using the Cell Cycle Simulation (CCSim) program. CCSim, described here in detail for the first time, employs four parameters related to time (replication, division and inter-division) and size (cell mass at replication initiation) that together are sufficient to describe bacterial cells under various conditions and states, which can be manipulated environmentally and genetically. Testing the predictions of CCSim by analysis of time-lapse micrographs of Escherichia coli during designed manipulations of the rate of DNA replication identified aspects of both coupling elements. Enhanced frequencies of cell division were observed following an interval of reduced DNA replication rate, consistent with the prediction of a minimum possible distance between successive replisomes (an eclipse). As a corollary, the notion that cell poles are not always inert was confirmed by observed placement of division planes at perpendicular planes in monstrous and cuboidal cells containing multiple, segregating nucleoids. copy; 2011 SGM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1876-1885
Number of pages10
JournalMicrobiology
Volume157
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology

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