Integrated bio-chemostratigraphy of Late Cretaceous organic-rich marine sediments in Israel

Nitzan Mizrahi, Yehudit Harlavan, Sigal Abramovich, Sarit Ashckenazi-Polivoda

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

Abstract

The Late Cretaceous was a time of great climatic and paleoceanographic changes that had major impact on the global marine ecosystems. The timing of these events must be accurately determined based on a reliable chronostratigraphic framework that can be readily applied in various environmental settings. The Late Cretaceous planktic foraminiferal biostratigraphic zonation is mainly based on tropical-subtropical species that are typically found in normal pelagic settings. However, during this time, unique conditions of high water column productivity and oxygen deficiency prevailed throughout the Levant region, including Israel, causing a partial to total exclusion of some of these species. Consequently, establishing age framework based on biostratigraphic correlation of the Levant region is a challenging task, emphasizing the need to apply additional method to advance the regional chronostratigraphy. Among these, is chemostratigraphy based on the (super 87) Sr/ (super 86) Sr ratio in of the carbonate tests of foraminifera, which is now widely used for stratigraphic correlation. The main objective of the present research was to improve the chronostratigraphic resolution for the Upper Cretaceous organic-rich sequence in Israel. This was accomplished by integrating detailed correlation of planktic and benthic foraminiferal bioevents, with (super 87) Sr/ (super 86) Sr ratio, correlated to the global (super 87) Sr/ (super 86) Sr ratio curve. This integration provides a new and much improved chronostratigraphic framework of the Late Cretaceous strata of Israel and the entire Levant region. It allows to integrate sections with poorly preserved or lack of the common biomarkers, define for the biozone. In general this should yield the best age control for economically valuable stratigraphic units (e.g., oil shale) deposited during this time. The biozonation of the studied sections, RE-2 and RE-6 from the Negev basins (southern Israel), spans from the Late Santonian Dicarinella asymetrica Zone to the middle Maastrichtian Abathomphalus mayaroensis Zone and from the middle Coniacian Dicarinella concavata Zone to the early Maastrichtian Pseudoguembelina palpebra Zone, respectively. The zonation subdivision, and the regional correlation to Aderet borehole from the Shefela Basin, Central Israel, is based on 23 secondary and main planktic biomarkers and based on the LOs of seven benthic species namely Anomalinoides praeacutus, Laevidentalina gracilis, Loxostomum decurrens, Angulogavelinella abudurbensis, Siphogenerinoides parva, Neoflabellina rugosa and Gaudryina rugosa and the acme event of Elhasaella alanwoodi. Sr isotopes curves from the RE-2 and Aderet sections show a remarkable correlation to the global Sr curve and with good agreement with the biostratigraphy datum. We took great measures to ensure that the analyzed (super 87) Sr/ (super 86) Sr ratio on ca. 200 tests per sample will represent the tests themselves and not impurities. Overall, the results are with agreement with the global (super 87) Sr/ (super 86) Sr ratio curve. Ultimately, the results of this study assess the accuracy and applicability of the secondary planktic and benthic foraminiferal datum to determine important age intervals and for determining numerical ages based on the Sr isotope records. Our new chronostratigraphic framework of the high productivity sequence in Israel is not only essential for regional correlation of these economically important sediments but also valuable in a global context. [Copyright Author(s) 2017. CC Attribution 3.0 License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/legalcode]
Original languageEnglish GB
Pages (from-to)Abstract EGU2017-9945
Number of pages7929
JournalGeophysical Research Abstracts
Volume19
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Stratigraphy

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