Integrating Human Waste with Microbial Fuel Cells to Elevate the Production of Bioelectricity

Chetan Pandit, Bhim Sen Thapa, Bhagyashree Srivastava, Abhilasha Singh Mathuriya, Umair Ali Toor, Manu Pant, Soumya Pandit, Deepak A. Jadhav

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Due to the continuous depletion of natural resources currently used for electricity generation, it is imperative to develop alternative energy sources. Human waste is nowadays being explored as an efficient source to produce bio-energy. Human waste is renewable and can be used as a source for an uninterrupted energy supply in bioelectricity or biofuel. Annually, human waste such as urine is produced in trillions of liters globally. Hence, utilizing the waste to produce bioenergy is bio-economically suitable and ecologically balanced. Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) play a crucial role in providing an effective mode of bioelectricity production by implementing the role of transducers. MFCs convert organic matter into energy using bio-electro-oxidation of material to produce electricity. Over the years, MFCs have been explored prominently in various fields to find a backup for providing bioenergy and biofuel. MFCs involve the role of exoelectrogens which work as transducers to convert the material into electricity by catalyzing redox reactions. This review paper demonstrates how human waste is useful for producing electricity and how this innovation would be beneficial in the long term, considering the current scenario of increasing demand for the supply of products and shortages of natural resources used to produce biofuel and bioelectricity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number36
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • bioelectricity production
  • human urine
  • human waste
  • microbial fuel cell
  • waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology


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