Physicians and other care providers often need to quickly browse and interpret large numbers of time-oriented clinical data. Reducing the information overload involving such tasks is a major goal for medical information systems. We describe a conceptual architecture and software implementation specific to the task of interpretation, summarization, visualization, explanation, and interactive exploration of time-oriented clinical data and the multiple levels of meaningful concepts that can be derived from these data. We build on our work on abstraction of time-oriented clinical data using a knowledge base, acquired from expert physicians, of temporal properties of the data. The core module of the new framework is called KNAVE (Knowledge-based Navigation of Abstractions for Visualization and Explanation). Health care providers can manipulate the display though several visualization and exploration operators. These operators have semantics that are domain independent but that are customized automatically for the application by access to the domain-specific knowledge base. The display, which reflects data and derived interpretations in the patient's database, changes when the user explores key relations (e.g., the dependency hierarchy) in the knowledge base of the relevant clinical domain. Preliminary assessment of the initial prototype with several clinical users has been encouraging. The KNAVE methodology has broad ramifications for reducing the load that large numbers of time-oriented clinical data put on care providers.
|Number of pages
|Topics in health information management
|Published - 1 Jan 1999
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Medicine