Inter-group competition and stable group sizes

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23 Scopus citations


The stability of the sizes of foraging groups of animals is reviewed with a special emphasis on the eVect of inter-group competition. A simple model, in which cooperation, within-group and inter-group competition are explicitly accounted for, shows that when resources are scarce and patchy, inter-group competition tends to keep animals within their groups, even when these groups are overpopulated. The model’s conclusions are in accord with empirical observations indicating that animals tend to forage in groups that are larger than the expected optimal size.

Original languageEnglish GB
Pages (from-to)485-488
Number of pages4
JournalAnimal Behaviour
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology


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