INTERACTION BETWEEN CAUSALLY-IMPLICATED DRIVER MENTAL AND PHYSICAL CONDITIONS AND DRIVER ERRORS CAUSING TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS.

David Shinar, Stephen T. McDonald, John R. Treat

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

The relationships between driver behaviors causing and immediately preceding an accident (Direct Causes), and accident causitive impairments in drivers' predisposing mental and physical states (Indirect Causes) are analyzed from a representative sample of 420 traffic accidents. A Relative Involvement Factor (RIF) is developed to reflect the change in the likelihood of any accident-causing behavior being implicated given the existence of a causally relevant mental or physical impairment. The analysis indicates that causative conditions and states suppress certain direct causes while increasing the likelihood of others. Specific relationships are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages329-334
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1976
EventCongr of the Int Ergonomics Assoc, 6th, and Tech Program of the Annu Meet of the Hum Factors Soc, 20th, Proc - College Park, MD, USA
Duration: 11 Jul 197616 Jul 1976

Conference

ConferenceCongr of the Int Ergonomics Assoc, 6th, and Tech Program of the Annu Meet of the Hum Factors Soc, 20th, Proc
CityCollege Park, MD, USA
Period11/07/7616/07/76

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering

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