We study the effect of interactions on the conversion of atomic-to-molecular Bose-Einstein condensates via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage. Both energetic instability during avoided crossings and dynamical instability during chaotic intervals limit adiabaticity and impose low sweep-rate boundaries on the efficiency of the process. For the diabatic traverse of avoided crossings, we find a reciprocal power-law dependence of the final unconverted population on sweep rate. For the traverse of chaos, we find a sharp low-rate boundary determined by the dynamical instability parameters. The interplay of these two mechanisms determines which instability controls the failure of molecular production. A judicious choice of sweep parameters is hence required to restore the process efficiency.
|Journal||Physical Review A|
|State||Published - 1 May 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics